Japanese Immigration system overview
1. You are required to select a Status of Residence to stay or work in Japan.
2. No status of permanent residency (even on a conditional basis) is given at the time of entry.
3. You may apply for a status of permanent residency after residing in Japan for a certain period.
4. Work visa statuses have requirements for both company/employer and applicant, but have no numerical limit on how many applicants you can sponsor.
Certificate of Eligibility, Visa and Status of Residence
Certificate of Eligibility (COE) - Issued by Ministry of Justice
COE is a certificate issued by the Ministry of Justice in Japan before acquiring a VISA at a Japanese consulate or embassy in your home country. This doesn’t guarantee your entry or status.
VISA - Issued by Japanese embassy or consulate overseas
An endorsement from a consulate or embassy on a passport indicating that the holder is allowed to enter. This is different from your Certificate of Eligibility or your actual status of residence.
Status of Residence (SOR) – Granted by Ministry of Justice
A legal status on which you can stay or work in Japan. The status is granted upon your entry to Japan and when extending or changing your status at the local immigration office in Japan.
Residence Card – Issued by Ministry of Justice
This card is issued by immigration at the airport or later by mail if the card is not upon entry. This card is a proof of the status for those residing for mid/long term. A new card is issued every time you are granted for extension or change of status.
Applications and Notifications to Immigration
1. Applications regarding Status of Residence:
-Certificate of Eligibility (COE)
-Change of Status of Residence (SOR)
-Extension of Period of Stay
-Permission to Acquire Status of Residence
-Permission to engage in activity other than that permitted under the Status of Residence
-Certificate of Authorized Employment
2. Examples of Applications/Notifications regarding to Residence Card:
-Issuance of Residence Card
-Notification of a change on the Residence Card
-Extensions pertaining to the Residence Card
-Notification regarding Accepting/Contracting Organization
-Notification concerning the Spouse
Types of Status of Residence / Examples
1. Eligible for employment with restrictions on types work
Diplomat - Diplomat
Official - International organization officer
Professor - University professor
Artist - Composer/Artist/Writer
Religious Activities - Missionary/Priest
Journalist - Foreign correspondent
Highly Skilled Professional - Highly skilled professionals in the field of academic research, specialized/technical activities or management, who score 70 points in the points system.
Business Manager - Representative or manager of a company
Legal / Accounting Services - Attorney or certified public accountant
Medical Services - Doctor, dentist or nurse
Researcher - Researcher of a company
Instructor - Language instructor at a junior or senior high school
Engineer / Specialist in Humanities / International Services - Engineer, interpreter, designer, or language Instructor at a private company
Intra-company Transferee - Transferee from an office abroad
Entertainer - Actor, singer or professional sports player
Skilled Labor - Chef of foreign cuisine, sports instructor or aircraft pilot
Technical Intern Training - Technical Intern
2. Ineligible for employment
Cultural Activities - Researcher of Japanese culture
Temporary Visitor - Tourist, or conference participant
Student - Student of university, college, high school, junior high school or elementary school.
Trainee - Trainee
Dependent - Dependent family member of a foreign resident
3. Employment under special program or basis
Designated Activities - Domestic worker of Highly Skilled Professional or Business Manager, Working Holiday visa holder
4. Eligible for employment without restrictions
Permanent Resident - Permanent Resident
Spouse or Child of Japanese National - Spouse or Child of Japanese National
Spouse or Child of Permanent Resident - Spouse or Child of Permanent Resident
Long Term Resident - Third-generation Japanese, spouse of Long Term Resident
HIGUCHI IMMIGRATION SERVICES / 行政書士樋口彰事務所